ceeh rapporter

Presentation of the centre

Following presentation was held at the IEW/ETSAP workshops of June 2007 at the Stanford University Palo Alto


Integrating Externalities in Optimisation of Future Energy Systems

Corresponding author: "Kenneth Karlsson" <Kenneth.karlsson@risoe.dk>


background
Fossil fuel related air pollution influences both the natural environment and human health. The particle pollution from cars and trucks alone is considered to cause more deaths than traffic accidents. This has lead to the establishment of a Danish Centre of Energy, Environment and Health (CEEH) which is supported by the Program Commission for Energy and Environment under the Danish Council for Strategic Research. The objective of CEEH is to establish an interdisciplinary based system to support optimal future planning of energy production and usage with respect to costs related to the natural environment and human health. To ensure the needed interdisciplinary approach the centre includes researchers from meteorology, air pollution, environment, energy, physiology/health and economy. The main outcome of the centre is an integrated regional economic model system including components for air pollution chemistry and dispersion down to urban and sub-urban scales, and model components of the impacts on public health and the external environment. While the system will be designed to minimize the grand costs of Danish energy systems, it is obvious that the system will require boundary conditions as input. These will be obtained from a global energy system model and of global air pollution models.

Keywords: Future energy systems, pricing externalities, health impacts, environmental impacts, air pollution modelling

Objective

The objective of CEEH is to establish an interdisciplinary based system to support optimal future planning of energy production and usage with respect to costs related to the natural environment and human health

Focus is on Denmark and the Nordic Countries



Centre Partners

Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) - University of Copenhagen (UoC)
Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI)
National Environment Research Institute (NERI) - University of Aarhus (AU)
 
National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) - University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
Risø National Laboratory - Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Centre for Applied Health Services Research and Technology Assessment (CAST)
- University of Southern Denmark (SDU)
Institute for Public Health - University of Aarhus (AU) 




International Collaboration Partners

Dong Energy (Denmark)
University of Queensland (Australia)
Freie Universität Berlin (Germany)
Finnish Meteorological Institute
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Austria)
CEREA (Marne la Vallét, France)
Los Alamos Laboratory (New Mexico, USA)
University of Cologne (Germany)
Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands
University of Leicester (UK)
VITO (Boeretang, Belgium)
ENEA (Rome, Italy)
ICMMG (Novosibirsk, Russia)
Vienna University of Technology (Austria)
RIVM (Bilthoven, Netherlands)
Institute of North Ecology problems (Russia)
University Medical Centre, ERASMUS MC, (Netherlands)



Organisation

Tekstboks: Steering BoardEigil Kaas, UoCAllan Gross, DMIAlexander Baklanov, DMIKenneth Karlsson, RisøJesper Christensen, N



Scientific disciplines

dissiplines



Model components

Energy-system models (e.g. Balmorel and MARKAL-TIMES / TIAM)
Danish Atmospheric Chemical Transport models (DEHM, Enviro-Hirlam, and more)
Physiological relationships (dose-response functions)
Statistical models (exposure vs frequency of decease and environmental effects)
Health cost models (e.g. prizes for one life-year)
Integrated modelsystems (e.g. EVA = Economic Value of Air pollution)



CEEH model flow diagram

CEEH_flow diagram


Assessment of air pollution in CEEH

Assessments of air pollution related damages on human health - and the subsequent costs - based on ExternE - Externalities of Energy

ExternE


The CEEH chain impact

CEEH chain


Enviro-Hirlam system

Operational areas covered by the Enviro – HIRLAM system today: 50x50km horizontal down to 1.4x1.4km for Denmark. Vertically it goes into the stratosphere. Online aerosol-meteorology interaction.

Tekstboks: Domains in the DEHM System


Enviro-Hirlam modeling Scheme

on-line modelling


DEHM System

  • Full 3D advection/diffusion
  • 63 chemical species
  • 130 chemical reactions
  • Two-way nested modelling over Europe

DEHM sysem


Quantification of Health Effects – Dose Response Functions

costs


Energy System Modelling – 2005 to 2050

energy modelling


Modelling Global and Regional Energy Systems

modelling regional


Example results from Energy System Modelling

examples


Seeking Collaboration Partners

Ellipse: Global energy andemission scenarios




Summary

summary




ending


Dato: 02-Nov-2008