Burden of Disease: Country profiles
June 2007 - GENEVA
-- The World Health Organization (WHO)
are the country profiles of environmental burden of disease?
presents country data on the burden of disease that is preventable
through healthier environments. These estimates provide the stepping
stone for informed policy making in disease prevention.
country profiles provide an overview of summary information on selected
parameters that describe the environmental health situation of a
country, as well as a preliminary estimate of health impacts caused by
environmental risks. Such preliminary estimates can be used as an input
to more refined estimates of a country's health impacts"
country sheet consists of an estimation of the burden of disease
developed along 2 methods:
1, Environmental burden of disease for 3 selected risk factors
first part is based on Comparative Risk Assessment methods. Data
sources include exposure to unsafe water/sanitation and indoor air
pollution due to solid fuels use (source: MDG monitoring) and exposure
to particulate matter (indicator for outdoor air pollution) (source:
the World Bank, European Air Quality Database, WHO PAHO). Health data
are from the WHO country health statistics, and the methods applied are
described in more detail in the Environmental Burden of Disease Series.
data - deaths and DALYs attributable to the selected risk factors - is
also available in a separate excel format for all countries.
2, Environmental burden of disease
second part is based on the methods used in the recent "Preventing
disease through Healthy Environments" publication (see link below) and
WHO country health statistics. The method uses regional exposure based
on Comparative Risk Assessment & literature review, completed by
text and data sources [pdf 470kb]
For further details regarding methods and data sources.
DALYS attributable to 3 environmental risk factors [xls 115kb]
Deaths and DALYs attributable to water, sanitation & hygiene,
indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and outdoor air pollution by
profiles of environmental burden of disease
to Z list of profiles by country: ALL COUNTRIES