Environmental Burden of Disease: Country profiles

13 June 2007 - GENEVA -- The World Health Organization (WHO)

Web site: http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/national/countryprofile/en/index.html

What are the country profiles of environmental burden of disease?

".....WHO presents country data on the burden of disease that is preventable through healthier environments. These estimates provide the stepping stone for informed policy making in disease prevention.

The country profiles provide an overview of summary information on selected parameters that describe the environmental health situation of a country, as well as a preliminary estimate of health impacts caused by environmental risks. Such preliminary estimates can be used as an input to more refined estimates of a country's health impacts"

Methods

Each country sheet consists of an estimation of the burden of disease developed along 2 methods:

Part 1, Environmental burden of disease for 3 selected risk factors

The first part is based on Comparative Risk Assessment methods. Data sources include exposure to unsafe water/sanitation and indoor air pollution due to solid fuels use (source: MDG monitoring) and exposure to particulate matter (indicator for outdoor air pollution) (source: the World Bank, European Air Quality Database, WHO PAHO). Health data are from the WHO country health statistics, and the methods applied are described in more detail in the Environmental Burden of Disease Series.

This data - deaths and DALYs attributable to the selected risk factors - is also available in a separate excel format for all countries.

Part 2, Environmental burden of disease

The second part is based on the methods used in the recent "Preventing disease through Healthy Environments" publication (see link below) and WHO country health statistics. The method uses regional exposure based on Comparative Risk Assessment & literature review, completed by expert opinion.

Related files

Explanatory text and data sources [pdf 470kb]
For further details regarding methods and data sources.

Deaths and DALYS attributable to 3 environmental risk factors [xls 115kb]
Deaths and DALYs attributable to water, sanitation & hygiene, indoor air pollution from solid fuel use and outdoor air pollution by country.

Country profiles of environmental burden of disease

How to read the country profiles? Reading guide for the country profiles [pdf 131kb] Provides guidance on the interpretation of the country profiles.

A to Z list of profiles by country: ALL COUNTRIES

Download the country profiles by WHO regions: Country profiles by WHO regions